Posts Tagged ‘water’

With September being National Preparedness Month, we thought it would be helpful to share what you can put into a basic preparedness kit in case of a disaster or emergency situation. The first thing to get is a heavy duty plastic bin to store everything. For larger kits, you may need more than one bin to store everything. This is not a bug out bag to take and go quickly. This is a more extensive kit that you can crack open in the event you need supplies when a natural disaster or some other circumstance hits and your normal resources are unavailable. A basic emergency supply kit could include the following recommended items:

Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
• Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food, including canned goods, granola, cereal, protien bars, peanut butter, dried fruit, nuts, crackers, or MREs
• Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
• Flashlight and extra batteries, or a shake flaslight that needs no batteries
First aid kit
• Whistle to signal for help
• Dust masks to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
• Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
• Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities, or even something like a Fubar that can double as a weapon
• Manual can opener for food
• Local maps
• Cell phone with chargers, inverter or solar charger
• At least two ways to make fire (matches, a fire starter, this, or even this)

These are some essentials that you will want to include, but you will probably want to customize your kit to suit your needs. For example, if you want to be able to cook food or boil water, you might want to include a propane stove for convenience. For babies you will need to think about diapers or formula. If you take medications or have other special needs, such as contact lenses, dentures, or feminine products (which can be used for other things like treating wounds), you will need to add those to your kit. Some other things you might consider including in your kit:

• A change of clothes for each person, including shoes and socks
• Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children (or an e-reader with charger)
• Defensive weapons in the case of looting or zombies, including ammunition
Paper and pencil
• Pet food and extra water for your pet
• Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person. Consider additional bedding if you live in a cold-weather climate.
• Eating utensils and plastic or paper plates

Keep your kit stored in a cool dry place, like a closet or your garage. Make sure to go through your preparedness kit at least once a year to check expiration dates and replace items where necessary. The goal is to be prepared to last several days or weeks without your normal expected routine of running water, electricity, or the ability to head to a store to buy things. If you already have what you need for the short term, you are more likely to make it in the long term. There are many other things you might find useful in an emergency. What else would you include in your preparedness kit?

– Tim

Much of this list was taken from Ready.gov, but modified to include additional useful items.

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One question we have come across a lot is “What do you do with children during the zombie apocalypse?” We have heard that they are a liability because they can’t fend for themselves, they make too much noise, and they are a drain on resources. This is not something that I take lightly, especially since I am a new father. Since we at Zombie Awareness International look at surviving zombies as an extreme scenario for surviving in any situation, we have to look at how we travel and survive with children in this context. Here are some things you can do to make your children aware and ready for survival.

Integrate babies into your workout routine. I regularly add my baby into my workout by using him as additional weight when doing situps or lifting him with different exercises. Not only is this good exercise for me, but it is also good bonding time between us as we can play and work out at the same time. A baby carrier is also good as you can wear it while doing pushups, everyday manual tasks, or even while going on walks. Your training while carrying a baby may come in handy later when you actually have to carry that baby for long stretches of time.

Teach your kids the basics as soon as possible. Soon your child will be walking and able to do simple tasks. Don’t count out a child’s ability to reason and help out. You might begin to teach them gun safety, but before they are ready for that you can involve them in even more important basic skills, such as finding food, starting a fire, or building shelters. Teach these basics to your kids and they will be able to do their part and they will also be equipped for future survival. Show your kids how to bait a hook, forage for edible plants, find good sources of water, or construct a basic shelter. Help them learn the essentials in an emergency supply kit. Several websites have information and games they can play to help them (and you) learn these things, such as FEMA or Equipped To Survive. Putting this information in the form of simple songs or rhythms will help them learn it. Even if there are tasks they are physically unable to perform a child’s memory is very good when properly engaged, and they will be able to retain this useful information even when you might forget something.

Even in the zombie apocalypse, you are not going into a combat situation. Your six year old does not need to be a sniper in order to survive. More than likely, in a true zombie outbreak situation, the best thing you can do is avoid and run. Engaging in a firefight with a horde of zombies is a bad idea, especially since they will never give up and your gun fire will only attract more zombies anyway. Having a child with you will not change that. But since we use a zombie outbreak as an extreme example for more realistic situations, such as natural disaster or governmental collapse, we must consider the human aspect in these terms. Leaving someone behind because they are a liability is out of the question. They are probably not going to cause your death, especially if you are adequately skilled. If anything, you being a heartless bastard leaving behind helpless children will more than likely end up causing you to get a bullet in the back from one of your own people. Kids who can’t handle a gun yet might still be able to perform simple manual tasks. In fact, the real liability just might be an older person who is more confident in their ability to handle a weapon than they actually possess.

That child you train now may save your life later. If you take the time to give a child the skills they need to survive, they may end up keeping your ass alive in the future. What happens if you break your leg and need someone to bring you food and water and the basic skills you taught them when they were younger now come in handy for you? When they grow up and you are now infirm, would you like them to leave you behind because you are a liability? What if that child you train is the one person around that is the same blood type as you or the only person around to perform CPR? In all of these instances you will be quite glad that you did your part in teaching that child basic survival skills.

“But children are a drain on my supplies.” Babies won’t start eating solid foods until they are at least 4-6 months old. Children can continue to breast feed through two years of age or longer. Even after then, children eat a fraction of what an adult eats, and by the time they eat a sizeable amount of food they will be old enough to help find and prepare that food. Remember these things when you think that a child might be a drain on your supplies or a liability to your group. They need your help to survive, and in turn you may one day need theirs.

– Tim

Survival Tip of the Day brought to you by Kershaw.

A – Act Like the Natives

The natives and animals of a region have adapted to their environment. To get a feel of the area, watch how the people go about their daily routine. When and what do they eat? When, where and how do they get their food? When and where do they go for water? What time do they usually go to bed and get up? These actions are particularly important to you when you are trying to avoid capture.

Act Like the Natives, Follow the Animals

Animal life in the area can also give you clues on how to survive. Animals also require food, water and shelter. By watching them, you can find sources of water and food.

Animals cannot serve as an absolute guide to what you can eat and drink. Many animals eat plants that are toxic to humans.

Keep in mind that the reaction of animals can reveal your presence to the enemy. If in a friendly area, one way you can gain rapport with the natives is to show interest in their tools and how they get food and water. By studying the people, you learn to respect them; you often make valuable friends; and, most importantly, you learn how to adapt to their environment and increase your chances of survival.

Information courtesy of the U.S. Army Survival Manual

Thanks again to Kershaw. Remember to like Kershaw and Zero Tolerance Knives on Facebook. Everyone else is doing it.

– Tim

Survival Tip of the Day brought to you by Kershaw.

R – Remember Where You Are

Spot your location on your map and relate it to the surrounding terrain. This is a basic principle that you must always follow. If there are other persons with you, make sure they also know their location. Always know who in your group, vehicle or aircraft has a map and compass. If that person is killed, you will have to get the map and compass from him. Pay close attention to where you are and to where you are going. Do not rely on others in the group to keep track of the route. Constantly orient yourself. Always try to determine, as a minimum, how your location relates to —

  • The location of enemy units and controlled areas.
  • The location of friendly units and controlled areas.
  • The location of local water sources (especially important in the desert).
  • Areas that will provide good cover and concealment.

This information will allow you to make intelligent decisions when you are in a survival and/or evasion situation.

Information courtesy of the U.S. Army Survival Manual.

Thanks again to Kershaw. Go like Kershaw and Zero Tolerance Knives on Facebook.

– Tim

Survival Tip of the Day brought to you by Kershaw.

WATER PURIFICATION
boiling water is a good way to purify it

Rainwater collected in clean containers or in plants is usually safe for drinking. However, purify water from lakes, ponds, swamps, springs, or streams, especially the water near human settlements or in the tropics.

Another easy source of water can be found in household water heaters. Most hold at least 50 gallons. All you do is drain them off via the faucet usually located at the bottom of the tank. Don’t assume this water is clean. Still treat it.

When possible, purify all water you got from vegetation or from the ground by using iodine or chlorine, or by boiling.

Purify water by–

  • Using water purification tablets. (Follow the directions provided.)
  • Placing 5 drops of 2 percent tincture of iodine in a canteen full of clear water. If the canteen is full
    of cloudy or cold water, use 10 drops. (Let the canteen of water stand for 30 minutes before
    drinking.)
  • Boiling water for 1 minute at sea level, adding 1 minute for each additional 300 meters above sea
    level, or boil for 10 minutes no matter where you are.
    By drinking nonpotable water you may contract diseases or swallow organisms that can harm you.

Examples of such diseases or organisms are–

  • Dysentery. Severe, prolonged diarrhea with bloody stools, fever, and weakness.
  • Cholera and typhoid. You may be susceptible to these diseases regardless of inoculations.
  • Flukes. Stagnant, polluted water–especially in tropical areas–often contains blood flukes. If you
    swallow flukes, they will bore into the bloodstream, live as parasites, and cause disease.
  • Leeches. If you swallow a leech, it can hook onto the throat passage or inside the nose. It will
    suck blood, create a wound, and move to another area. Each bleeding wound may become
    infected.
WATER FILTRATION DEVICES
Big Berkey Water Filter System – 2.25 Gallons

If the water you find is also muddy, stagnant, and foul smelling, you can clear the water-

  • By placing it in a container and letting it stand for 12 hours.
  • By pouring it through a filtering system.
    Note: These procedures only clear the water and make it more palatable. You will have to purify it.

To make a filtering system, place several centimeters or layers of filtering material such as sand, crushed
rock, charcoal, or cloth in bamboo, a hollow log, or an article of clothing (Figure 6-9).


Remove the odor from water by adding charcoal from your fire. Let the water stand for 45 minutes before
drinking it.

Information courtesy of the U.S. Army Survival Manual.

Don’t forget to like Kershaw and Zero Tolerance Knives on facebook.

– Tim